Taking regular exercise has many benefits for our physical health - it can help us to manage our weight, reduce the risk of heart disease and lower blood pressure. It's very important for our mental health as well.
Find out how exercising can improve your mood, what exercise is recommended and how you can get involved in different groups and activities in Leeds.
What you will learn in this section:
Why is exercise good for my mental health?
Improving your physical wellbeing can help you feel better about yourself. It can also improve concentration and energy levels, which can both be affected by worrying and feeling anxious. Exercise also produces endorphins - chemicals produced naturally by the body which can boost your mood and improve your ability to sleep.
In the Anxiety section we explored the primitive human response known as 'Flight or fight' which is designed to help us deal with a possible danger or threat. When the response is triggered blood flow to the muscles increases as extra energy is needed to help us run or fight. If unreleased, this energy can cause tension in our muscles. There are lots of great ways of exercising which can help you let off a little steam and restore your mind and body to a much calmer state. Some people like to take a gentle walk in the park, while others find a run can help clear their head. Other people enjoy team sports such as playing a game of football. Whatever activities you prefer, remember, though, that it's important to combine exercise with breathing exercises and other relaxation techniques for effects to be longer lasting.
Can exercise help my health if I'm pregnant?
If you are pregnant keeping active and taking some gentle exercise during your pregnancy can really boost your wellbeing. Exercise like swimming, a pregnancy yoga class or walking can all be great forms of exercise. You can find more information and guidance about taking exercise in pregnancy on the NHS Choices website.
If you are pregnant or unsure about your physical health check with your GP before starting to exercise.
What type of exercise should I be doing?
To stay healthy or improve health, adults need to do two types of physical activity each week: aerobic and strength exercises. It also helps if we can be active daily. NHS Choices has recommendations for different age groups and whether you choose to do moderate or vigorous aerobic exercise.
They recommend that we do strength exercises on two or more days a week that work all the major muscles: legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms.
For aerobic activity, you could decide to do moderate exercise, such as cycling or brisk walking, for 150 minutes each week, split into 30 minutes over five days or 10 or 15 minutes chunks across each day. Or you might decide that you'd rather have vigorous activity, such as running or playing tennis.If you're new to exercise, you could build up slowly and try to do activities that you'll enjoy or can share with other people. If you are unsure about your physical health, check with your GP before starting to exercise.
How can I make changes and exercise more?
- If you want to make changes by exercising more, but don't know where to start, you might find using our Positive Change Plan helpful. You can use the Plan to make changes gradually by setting goals, creating ideas to achieve your goals, planning the steps you want to take and reviewing how you're doing.
One You Leeds offers a range of free physical activity classes and taster sessions.
Leeds Let's Get Active supports people in Leeds to become active through low cost access to leisure centres and a timetable of community sports and activities including football, swimming and zumba groups. You can find a timetable of Leeds Let's Get Active walking group here, or, go to the Walking for Health website which has a postcode finder for your nearest walks.
A men-only football group meets on Tuesdays from 2-3pm at Middleton Leisure Centre, specifically for men experiencing depression, anxiety or any other problem with their mental health. You do not need to be a mental health service user to join. Sessions are run by Leeds Let's Get Active and cost £3.30. Contact: dominic.Ayton@leeds.gov.uk
Mental Health Hubs is a Leeds City Council service for adults over 18 with mental health needs in Leeds. Activities include sports and exercise groups, such as football, badminton, salsa and chair exercise. You need to be referred to the service by your GP, health worker or other worker. You can find out more details, including a referral form and timetable of activities, on their website.
#runandtalk is a social running group for anyone who wants to improve their mental wellbeing through running. Joining the group could also be helpful for people with mild to moderate anxiety or depression. The group is supported by a local running club, Hyde Park Harriers, and has seven mental health ambassadors with lived experience of mental health issues and conditions, who can provide a listening ear in a supportive, non-judgmental environment.
Mental Health Mates combines a walking group with peer support. They have volunteers running walks across the country, and walkers get a chance to chat while having a gentle walk in a public area or park. You can find out more about their walks in Leeds on their website or social media.
Feel Good Factor is a charity based in Chapeltown which provides a range of community health and wellbeing activities for people living in Chapeltown and Harehills, including art courses, walking and gardening groups and physical activities.
East Leeds Health for All Project is a Healthy Living Service in the heart of Burmantofts in Lincoln Green.
Seacroft Wheelers is a friendly cycling club based in the east of Leeds which welcomes all riders from raw beginners to competitive racers.
Hollybush in Kirkstall is a great place to get outdoors and get some exercise. They have wildlife walks, gardening groups and also peer support workshops and courses (run by Leeds Mind).
Better Together is a healthy communities, healthy lives project across inner South Leeds, including physical activity sessions such as Tai Chi, walk and talk and men or women only exercise groups. Look for a What's On Guide on the website to find out current activities and who to contact.
Guiseley Community Foundation run free men's football and chat sessions in Nethermoor Park.
The NHS Choices website has physical activity guidelines for adults, a fitness self-assessment and lots more.
You can find out more about Community Sport from Leeds City Council. The website includes links to activities, disabled sport, LGBT sports clubs, exercise groups for older people and lots more.
Walking can be a good way of getting some exercise and getting out for fresh air. If you want to plan walks around the local area, Leeds City Council's website has information about places to walk, including leaflets you can download. If you enjoy walking, but would rather be with a group, there are walking groups and guided walks available in Leeds with Walking for Health.
You can find a list of parks around Leeds on the Leeds City Council website. There are over 60 parks around Leeds and they can be a great place to have a walk. Several parks now have outdoor gym equipment called 'fitness zones' installed. They're proving a popular way to exercise, so the numbers are expected to grow.
The Royal College of Psychiatrists has information about physical activity and mental health.
You can find out about physical activity, sport and mental health on the Mind website. There's a free leaflet you can download, a video with tips on getting active and even tips on choosing your activity and overcoming barriers.
The Mental Health Foundation has a leaflet called How to look after your mental health using exercise, which you can read online or download for free. It lists all the positive impacts of exercise as well as tips to get active.